Currently, the UK grid faces significant challenges driven by macro changes:
Large scale plants are starting to be decommissioned: The market expects the closure of fossil generation and nuclear powerplants in the short-term, and
A commitment to increase renewables generation: For example, in 2019, the UK Government reported its annual statistics on the performance of the industry over the previous years. In that document, it was disclosed that renewable generation in GB and Northern Ireland reached 33.3% in 2018, growing from 24.5% in 2016. The UK has committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, compared to 1990 levels, as well as signing the Paris Climate Agreement in 2015.
Renewable energy sources are intermittent and increase the difficulties in balancing demand/supply of electricity.
Battery storage systems can therefore help to maintain the stability of the grid. Among other services they enable excess energy in the system to be stored at times of over production and release this energy when grid capacity is constrained.
There are multiple revenue streams for energy storage projects which may be stacked on a single battery, including: (a) frequency response services; (b) triad avoidance services; and (c) capacity market services. In addition, there are prospective new revenue opportunities over the coming years such as market arbitrage and balancing mechanism services, amongst others.
The combination of strong market drivers plus the rapidly reducing cost of battery technology, means that Gore Street Capital believes that there are significant prospects for the roll-out of battery storage systems. National Grid’s 2019 energy scenario modelling forecasts total installed storage capacity to reach 7.5GW by 2025.